The receding gums is defined as the movement of the level of gingival edge or gums edge towards the tip of the root. It can be generalized to taking effect affects more or less on all present teeth, or they are observed only on certain teeth. The receding gums around the most or all of the teeth is a clinical manifestations of advanced stage of periodontal disease. After the initial stages of periodontitis, which is characterized by acute inflammation of the gums (gums are enlarged, red, bleeding when brushing or eating tough foods, such as apples) leads to their degradation and the destruction is clinically register as reveling of the root and they appear to be long and narrow .
Receding gums can be different sizes and shapes. Receding gums apart from the loss of soft tissue means loss of bone tissue that progresses to end stage periodontal disease where bone loss is so great that there is a loosening and falling out of apparently healthy teeth. Thus, receding gums associated with generalized periodontitis is manifested not only by pulling gum from the vestibular (outer) side of the tooth but the entire soft tissue around the teeth more or less equally is affected by the changes. The cause of periodontal disease with all its consequences is primarily dental plaque. Deposition of minerals in the soft plaque leads to the formation of plaque, which is the main cause of receding gums and loss of bone tissue that “running away” from this irritation. Receding gums which covers some of the teeth can occur in one or more teeth. Characterized usually by exposing the root of the vestibular (outer) side of the teeth.
The most common causes of receding gums around individual of teeth are:
1. Occlusal trauma
a. Loss of teeth
b. Orthodontic anomalies of teeth or dental arches
2 POOR TECHNIQUE of tooth brushing
3. INADEQUATE prosthetic and Seals